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The finest form of silk is Kosa Silk aka Tussar Silk or Tussah. Light golden sheen in Kosa makes it perfect for every small or big occasion. It can be worn to social gatherings, small get together, work meetings; the list is endless. Kosa silk is considered as an ideal and auspicious fabric to be worn in weddings and religious ceremonies. A very light and airy fabric is not heavy or hefty. Its drape is very feminine, elegant and gracious, and makes you look gorgeous.
There is absolutely no comparison to Tussar Silk and is obtained from a cocoon of a large winged moth on Arjun, Sal or Saja trees. The production of a single meter of Kosa Silk is a painstaking process and becomes even more complicated due to the rarity of the Kosa worm. As a result, a lot of times, the raw silk yarn is mixed with Cotton or Polyester.
Chhattisgarh is the main tribal belt where the weaving of Tussar is handcrafted. Korba and Champa, are mainly two villages in Chattisgarh state of India that are known for producing high quality Kosa Silk, except Raigarh and Bilaspurare also known for its Kosa silk production. A simple kosa saree may take about three to five days to produce from yarn extraction to the weaving depending on the number of people working on it. The Dewangan community is the original producers of Kosa Silk along with fine cotton fabric.
Modern way of using Tussar silk is not only limited to sarees but also to kurtas, dhotis, lehengas and other ethnic and western wear. Tremendously soft and finest weaves of Tussar silk can be beautifully decorated with beads work, zardozi, thread embroidery, kundan work, hand painting, mirror work, kalamkari, warli art and the list goes on.
The weaving of Tussar Silk and the color choices in it are to make you stand out. Tasah is perfect for any season; it keeps you warm in winters and cool in summers. Kosa is attained naturally in the shades of beige, yellow, cream and honey. The natural hues are however dyed according to taste using dyes made from fruit, vegetables, flowers and other substances. The authenticity of Kosa silk could be checked by burning a few threads of Kosa together. The burnt residue is not like ash, its black and color and an unpleasant odour.
People rightly say, “Tussar Silk Sarees are a class apart; fabrics of fine count they have taken the market by storm.”
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